Kanchanaburi is the third largest province in Thailand. It is situated on the Kwae River where the film 'Bridge over the River Kwai' was filmed. Kanchanaburi has 2 rivers that converge into the Mae Klong river which are Khwae Noi and Khwae Yai rivers. In 1942 under Japanese control, the prisoners of war were forced to build the railway to Burma. More than 100,000 prisoners died during the construction of the railway from bad working conditions. There are museums and a memorial which are dedicated to the prisoners who died there.
Kanchanaburi is subdivided into 13 districts which are Mueang Kanchanaburi, Sai Yok, Bo Phloi, Si Sawat, Tha Maka, Tha Muang, Thong Pha Phum, Sangkhla Buri, Phanom Thuan, Lao Khwan, Dan Makham Tia, Nong Prue and Huai Krachao
Every year in late November to early December the River Khwae Bridge Festival is held at the bridge with a magnificent fireworks and light show. The province has many attractions such as the Erawan Waterfalls, the unique waterfall has seven levels. There are museums which hold history of the Death Railway such as JEATH War Museum, War Museum at the Bridge, Thai-Burmese Railway Centre, Ban Kao National Museum Hellfire Pass Museum. One of the biggest attractions of the province is Don-Rak War Cemetery, there are also caves and many other waterfalls worth visit.